アメリカの大学生活---日記

ミネソタ州立大学ムーアヘッド校 2015年-2017年の日記

中国語復習ノート

Day1

  1. 我是中国人。你呢?(wŏ shì zhōng guó rén), = I'm Chinese, how about you? 
  2. 你姓王吗?(nǐ xìng wáng ma), = Are you Wang?
  3. 你是中国学生吗?( shì zhōng guóxué shēngma), = Are you Chinese student?
  4. 我不是北京人。(wŏ bù shì bĕi jīng rén), = I'm not from Beijin.
  5. 你叫什名字?(nǐ jiào shén me míng zì), = What is your surname?

Day2

  1. 他有几个女儿?(tā yŏu jǐ gè nǚ ér), = How many daughters does he have?
  2. 他没有女儿。他有三个儿子。(tā méi yŏu nǚ ér. tā yŏu sān gè ér zǐ), = He doesn't have any daughters. He has three sons.
  3. 她妈妈是老师。(tā mā mā shì lǎo shī), = Her mother is a teacher.
  4. 他做什么工作?(tā zuò shén me gōng zuò), = What does he do? 
  5. 我姐姐和我都是大学生。你有几个姐姐?(wŏ jiĕ jiĕ hé wŏ dōu shì dà xué shēng. nǐ yŏu jǐ gè jiĕ jiĕ), = My ekder sister and I are college students. How many elder sisters do you have?
  6. 这是谁的照片?(zhè shì shéi de zhào piàn), = Whose picture is this?
  7. 那个男孩子是韩国人。(nà gè nán hái zi shì hán guó), = That boy is Korean.
  8. 这个小姐是谁?(zhè gè xiǎo jiĕ shì shéi), = Who is this young lady?
  9. 她是我妹妹。(tā shì wŏ mèi mèi), = She is my sister.
  10. 你大哥有儿子吗?(nǐ dà gē yŏu ér zǐ ma), = Does your big brother have any sons?
  11. 他没有儿子。他没有女儿。(tā méi yŏu ér zǐ. tā méi yŏu nǚ ér), = He doesn't have any sons. He doesn't have any daughters.
  12. 你有弟弟吗?(nǐ yŏu dìdì ma), = Do you have younger brother?
  13. 我有三个弟弟。(wŏ yŏu sān gè dìdì), = I have three younger brothers.
  14. 你家有几口人?(nǐ jiā yŏu jǐ jǐ rén), = How many family members do you have?
  15. 我家有八口人。(wŏ jiā yŏu bā kŏu rén), = I have five people in my family.

Day 3

  1. 现在几点? (xiàn zài jǐ diǎn), = What time is it?
  2. 八点三刻。(bā diǎn sān kè), = It's 8:45.
  3. 你今天晚上忙不忙?(nǐ jīn tiān wǎn shàng máng bù máng), = Are you busy today's evening.
  4. 我今天晚上有事儿。我明天晚上没有事儿。(wŏ jīn tiān wǎn shàng yŏu shì ér. wŏ míng tiān tiān shàng méi yŏu shì ér), = I have something to do today's evening. I don't have anything to do tomorrow.
  5. 你大哥有没有女朋友?(nǐ dà gē yŏu méi yŏu nǚ péng yŏu), = Does your big brother have a girl friend?
  6. 他没有。(tā méi yŏu), = He doesn't have it.
  7. 太好了。我星期四请他吃晚饭。(tài hǎo le. wŏ xīng qī sì qǐng tā chī wǎn fàn), = Great. I'll invite him to eat dinner on Thursday.
  8. 今天是几月几号?(jīn tiān shì jǐ yuè jǐ hào), = What is the date today?
  9. 今天是三月三号。(jīn tiān shì sān yuè sān hào) = Today is March 3rd.

Day4

     1. 你的生日是几月几号?(nǐ de shēng rì shì jǐ yuè jǐ hào)

= What is the date for your birthday?

     2. 你几点吃晚饭?(nǐ jǐ diǎn chī wǎn fàn)

= What time do you eat dinner?

     3. 我五点一刻吃晚饭。(wŏ wŭ diǎn yī kè chī wǎn fàn)

= I eat dinner at 5:15.

     4. 你多大?(nǐ duō dà)

= How old are you?

     5. 我十八岁。(wŏ shí bā suì)

= I'm 18 years old.

 

Day5

     1. 我星期四请你吃饭,怎么样? (wŏ xīng qī sì qǐng nǐ chī fàn, zĕn me yàng)

= I'll treat you on Thursday, how is that?

     2.太好了。谢谢。星期四见。(tài hǎo le, xiè xiè. xīng  qī sì jiàn)

=Great. Thanks. See you Thursday. 

     3.你喜欢吃中国菜还是美国菜?(nǐ xǐ huān chī zhōng guó cài hái shì mĕi guó cài)

= Do you like to eat Chinese or American food?

     4. 我喜欢吃美国菜。(wŏ xǐ huān chī mĕi guó cài)

= I like to eat American food.

     5. 我喜欢打球,可是我喜欢唱歌。(wŏ xǐ huān dǎ qiú, kĕ shì wŏ xǐ huān chàng gē)

= I like to play ball, but I like to dance.

     6. 你喜欢做什么?(nǐ xǐ huān zuò shén me)

= What do you like to do?

     7. 有的时候我喜欢看书。(yŏu de shí hòu wŏ xǐ huān kàn shū)

= Sometimes I like to read a book.

     8. 今天为什么你请客?(jīn tiān wéi shén me nǐ qǐng kè), = Today, why do you treat me?

    9. 因为昨天你请客,所以今天我请客。(yīn wéi zuó tiān nǐ qǐng kè, suŏ yǐ jīn tiān wŏ qǐng kè)

= Because you treated me yesterday, therefore today I 'll treat you.

   10. 你喜欢看外国电影,对不对?(nǐ xǐ huān kàn wài guó diàn yǐng,duì bù duì)

= You like to watch foreign movies, correct?

   11. 对,我常常看外国电影。你呢?(duì, wŏ cháng cháng kàn wài guó diàn yǐng. nǐ ne)

= Correct. I often watch foreign movies. How about you?

 

Day6

    1. 我觉得看外国电影没有意思。(wŏ jué de kàn wài guó diàn yǐng méi yŏu yì sī)

= I think watching movies arenot interesting.

    2. 是吗?(shì ma)

= Really?

    3. Tom,好久不见。你忙吗?(hǎo jiŭ bù jiàn. nǐ máng ma)

= Tom, long time no see. Have you been busy?

    4. 我只想睡觉。(wŏ zhǐ xiǎng shuì jiào)

= I only want to sleep.

    5. 我今天晚上想十二点睡觉。(wŏ jīn tiān wǎn shàng xiǎng shí èr diǎn shuì jiào)

= I want to sleep at 12 tonight. 

    6. 算了。我去找别人。(suàn le. wŏ qù zhǎo bié rén)

= Never mind. I look for another person.

    7. 我周末常常睡觉。(wŏ zhōu mò cháng cháng shuì jiào)

= I often sleep on weekends.

    8. 你觉得这个电影有没有意思?(nǐ jué de zhè gè diàn yǐng yŏu méi yŏu yì sī)

= Do you think this movie is interesting?

    9. 我在常常在图书馆看书。(wŏ zài cháng cháng zài tú shū guǎn kàn shū)

= I often read a book at the library.

   10. 你星期五在哪儿工作?(nǐ xīng qī wŭ zài nǎr gōng zuò)

= Where do you work on Friday?

   11. 我的同学周末在家看电视。(wŏ de tóng xué zhōu mò zài jiā kàn diàn shì)

= My classmates watch movies at home on weekends.

   12. 我今天很高兴。(wŏ jīn tiān hĕn gāo xìng)

= I am very happy today.

 

Day7

    1. 我的学校很漂亮。(wŏ de xué xiào hĕn piào liàng)

= My school is very beautiful.

    2. 我介绍一下,这是我爸爸。(wŏ jiè shào yī xià, zhè shì wŏ bàbà)

= Let me introduce, this is my father.

    3. 认识你很高兴。(rèn shí nǐ hĕn gāo xìng)

= I'm glad to meet you.

    4. 认识我也很高兴。

= I'm glad to meet you, too.

    5. 我在学校工作。

= I work at school.

    6. 你要喝点儿什么? 喝咖啡还是喝茶?(nǐ yào hē diǎnr shén me. hē kā fēi hái shì hē chá)

= What would you like to drink? Coffee or tea?

    7. 那给我一杯茶吧。(nà gĕi wŏ yī bēi chá ba)

= Then give me a cup of tea, please.

    8. 他喝茶了吗?(tā hē chá le ma)

= Did he drink tea?

    9. 他喝茶了。(tā hē chá le)

= He drunk tea.

   10. 他喝了几杯水? 喝了两杯水。(tā hē le jǐ bēi shuǐ, wŏ  le liǎng bēi shuǐ)

= How many glass of water did he drink?

He drunk two glass of water.

   11. 你为什么十二点才睡觉?(nǐ wéi shén me shí èr diǎn cái shuì jiào)

= Why didn't you sleep until 12am.

   12. 因为我看了两个电影,十一点才来。(yīn wéi wŏ kàn le liǎng gè diàn yǐng, shí  yī diǎn cái lái)

= Because I watched two movies, so didn't come until 12am.

   13. 我们常常一起聊天。(wŏ men cháng cháng yī qǐ liáo tiān)

= We often chat together.