アメリカの大学生活---日記

ミネソタ州立大学ムーアヘッド校 2015年-2017年の日記

マクロ&マイクロ経済 メモ

[Macro Econ]

 

http://keizaigaku.jp/macro/

問題1

Mixed Economyとよばれる理由は?

  1. 輸入と同様に国内で生産した商品を消費するから
  2. 商品、サービス両方を消費するから
  3. private sectorとpublic sectorがあるから

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解答

C

問題2

自由市場経済システムの特徴でないものは?

  1. competition
  2. government planning and regulation
  3. the invisible hand
  4. the price mechanism

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解答

B

 

問題3

Adam Smithはpublic interestが...することが最も良いやり方だと思っている。

  1. 政府にもっと商品、サービスを生産させる
  2. 人々に彼ら自身のselfish interestを追わせること

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解答

B

 

問題4

自由経済システム(A free market economic system)は...に関してとても良い働きをする。

  1. both equity and efficiency
  2. efficiency, but not equity

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解答

B

 

問題5

正しい文はどれか?

  1. No country could be classified as having a communist economic system
  2. It could be argued that every nation has a mixed economy

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解答

B

 

問題6

Adam Smith believed people are guided by all of the following except:

  1. the profit motive
  2. self interest
  3. the public good
  4. the invisible hand

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解答

C

 

問題7

The price system is based on

  1. government regulation
  2. the interaction of the forces of supply and demand

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解答

B

 

問題8

In the U.S, nearly all resources are owned by

  1. the government
  2. business firms
  3. individuals
  4. foreigners

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解答

C

 

問題9

In the circular flow model, wages, rent, interest, and profits flow from

  1. business firms to households
  2. households to business firms

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解答

A

 

問題10

In the circular flow model, land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurial ability flow from

  1. business firms to households
  2. households to business firms

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解答

B

 

問題11

経済的機能で適切な流れを現しているものは?

  1. Spending, wants and needs, production, income
  2. Wants and needs, production, income, spending
  3. Production, income, spending, wants and needs
  4. Income, spending, wants and needs, production

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解答

C

 

問題12

次のどれが自由経済システムのpotential failureか?

  1. The breakdown of competitive markets
  2. The failure of the market system to deal with equity
  3. The failure of the market system to address externalities
  4. The failure of the market system to provide public goods
  5. All of the above

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解答

E

 

問題13

Federal tax revenueの最も大きな財源は

  1. personal income tax
  2. corporate income tax
  3. national sales tax

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解答

A

 

問題14

最も重要なlocal tax revenueの財源は

  1. Property
  2. Income
  3. Excise
  4. Sales

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解答

A

 

問題15

次のうち投資でないものは?

  1. 100株購入
  2. 新工場の建設

C.新しい配達トラックの購入

  1. resale用の在庫を購入

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解答

A

 

問題16

アメリカは他国と比べて税金負担感は

  1. より高い税率
  2. いくらか高い税率
  3. それほど高くない

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解答

C

 

問題17

Gross investmentとは

  1. + depreciation = net investment
  2. - depreciation = net investment

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解答

B

 

問題18

ABC大学の授業料が上がって、他の料金が変わらない時、“low of demand”が示すことは

  1. ABC大学の授業のdemandは下がる
  2. demandされているクラスのquantityはABC大学で下がるだろう

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解答

B

 

問題19

In the market for web design services, an increase in the number of people with web designing skills will increase

  1. An increase in the equilibrium price and a decrease in the equilibrium
  2. A decrease in the equilibrium price and an increase in the equilibrium quantity

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解答

B

 

問題20

もしタコスを作るために使うレタスの価格が上がったら、タコスのequilibrium priceは...そしてequilibrium quantityは...

  1. rises, increases
  2. rises, decreases

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解答

B

 

問題21

世界の最も大きな輸出国は

  1. Japan
  2. The U.K
  3. U.S. and Germany

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解答

C

 

問題22

The trading block that has come closest to eliminating all internal tariffs is

  1. the European Union
  2. NAFTA
  3. Mercosur
  4. The World Trade Organization

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解答

C

 

問題23

Which of the following is a tool of fiscal policy?

  1. Government purchases of goods and services
  2. Taxation
  3. Transfer Payments
  4. All of the above

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解答

D

 

問題24

If the economy is at equilibrium at less than full employment, fiscal policy would dictate that

  1. government should increase taxes and decrease total spending
  2. government should reduce income transfers
  3. government should provide some sort of fiscal stimulus
  4. government should initiate fiscal restraint

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解答

C

 

問題25

Assume the economy is operating at $100 bilion less than full employment equilibrium. If the macro MPC is 0.80, how much will the government have to increase purchases of goods and services to bring the economy to full employment?

  1. $5 bilion
  2. $20billion
  3. $40 billion

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解答

B

 

問題26

政府が...する時”Crouding Out”が起きる

  1. increases taxes, thus causing a decrease in consumption  
  2. issues debt, thus making it more difficult for the private sector to issue debt

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解答

B

 

問題27

fiscal policyに不可欠なものは...を含む

  1. determining how much aggregate demand needs to be increased or reduced
  2. understanding of the impact of the MPC and the multiplier
  3. Selecting the appropriate policy tools needed to induced the required increase or reduction
  4. All of the above

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解答

D

 

問題28

fiscal policyの意思決定を伴う議論の領域はどれか

  1. Size of government
  2. Temporary or [ermanent spending
  3. Sector impact
  4. All of the above

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解答

D

 

問題29

Fiscal policyとMonetary policyは

  1. different means used to attain different goals
  2. different means used to attain the same goals

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解答

B

問題30

Automatic stabilizerでないものは次のうちどれか

  1. unemployment compensation
  2. direct taxes
  3. welfare payments
  4. Social Security Benefits

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解答

D

 

問題31

Autimatic stabilizerは...する傾向にある。

  1. help smooth out the business
  2. make the business cycle worse

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解答

B

 

問題32

Price levelの変化によって調節されるGDPは

  1. real GDP
  2. nominal GDP

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解答

A

 

問題33

もし消費者が追加で受け取った収入の中から90セント支出するなら

  1. The APS is 0.90
  2. The MPC is 0.90
  3. The MPS is 0.10
  4. Both C and D

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解答

D

 

問題34

MPC(Marginal Propensity to Consume)とは

  1. average consumption per dollar of income
  2. additional consumption because of additional income

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解答

B

 

問題35

次のうち間違っているものはどれか

  1. MPC + MPS =1
  2. APC + APS =1
  3. MPS = MPC + 1
  4. 1 - APS = APC
  5. 1 - MPC =- MPS

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解答

C

 

問題36

市場経済の価格は...がbaseになる

  1. government regulation
  2. the interaction of suply and demand

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解答

B

 

問題37

Real GDPとは...の変化を測定するもの

  1. Prices
  2. Wages
  3. Production

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解答

C

 

問題38

GDPの消費者部門について正しいもの

  1. The consumer sector is the largest sector of GDP
  2. The consumer sector maintains the economy
  3. The consumer sector cannot on its own generate economic growth
  4. All of the above

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解答

D

 

問題39

GDPの国際的な比較は難しい...のため

  1. differentcountries use different national income accounting methd
  2. changing currency exchange rates may hide real differences in the GDP of different nations
  3. data provided by other countries just may not be reliable
  4. All of the above

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解答

D

 

問題40

国の社会的安定は

  1. is best measured by per captia GDP
  2. always increases when real GDP increases

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解答

A

 

機会があれば、経済学者の本を読む  

John Stuart Mills, Adam Smithなど

なぜGDP?

Law of Supply, Law of Demandについて

 

[Micro Econ]

問題1

土地は...で最も効率的に使用される

  1. cities
  2. suburban areas
  3. rural areas
  4. industrial areas

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解答

A

 

問題2

特定の市場の労働者のdemandは

  1. the sum of all the individual labor supply curves
  2. the sum of all the firms’ MRP curves
  3. the sum of all the individual labor supply curves and all the firms’ MRP curves

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解答

B

 

問題3

特定の部分的土地に支払われる家賃は,,,に基づく

  1. the supply of the land
  2. the buildings located on that land
  3. the MRP schedule of the highest bidder

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解答

C

 

問題4

土地の供給は...である

  1. perfectly elastic
  2. relatively elastic

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解答

B

 

問題5

もし最低賃金が廃止されたら、marginal workersに対する賃金率は...だろう

  1. fall and the employment rate will fall
  2. fall and the employment rate will rise

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解答

B

 

問題6

最後に雇用された労働者の(MRP)が賃金よりも低かった場合、企業は...をする

  1. hired too many workers
  2. hired too few workers

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解答

A

 

問題7

労働者の生産性をあげるのに最も効果的なやり方は...である

  1. increase capital
  2. increase labor
  3. lower capital

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解答

A

 

問題8

marginal landにある賃料は...である

  1. very high
  2. above zeo
  3. zero

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解答

C

 

問題9

自動化は雇用のレベルを上げるだろう、もし...であれば。

  1. out put effect is equal to the substitution effect
  2. output effect is less than the substitution effect
  3. substitution effect is greater than the output effect
  4. output effect is greater than the substitution effect

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解答

D

 

問題10

自動化は雇用のレベルを下げるだろう、もし...であれば。

  1. substitution effect of automation is greater than the output effect
  2. substitution effect of automation is automation is equal to output effect

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解答

A

 

問題11

土地の供給は..

  1. is fixed
  2. varies from time to time
  3. rises with demand

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解答

A

 

問題12

医師は他の専門職の人達よりも稼ぐことが出来る。なぜなら

  1. they need to be compensated for all those years they spent in school
  2. they are in short supply relative to the demand for their services
  3. it costs a lot more to be a doctor...office expenses, support staff, and malpractice insurance...than it does to be in almost any other profession

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解答

B

 

問題13

Marginal Cost...として定義される

  1. the change in average total cost that results from producing one more unit of output
  2. the change in total cost that results from producing one more unit of output

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解答

B

 

問題14

Total utilityが増加している限り、marginal utilityは...だとわかる

  1. positive
  2. decreasing
  3. increasing

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解答

A

 

問題15

商品の価格が下がる時、

  1. the consumer surplus rises
  2. the consumer surplus falls

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解答

A

 

問題16

Ptice Gouging唯一起こる...の時

  1. there is a natural disaster
  2. buyers are poorly informed about market conditions
  3. some buyers are willing to pay the asking price, however high

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解答

C

 

問題17

Price = $14, Quantity = 1, Marginal Utility = ?, Total Utility = ?

Price = $12, Quantity = 2, Marginal Utility = ?, Total Utility = ?

Price = $10, Quantity = 3, Marginal Utility = ?, Total Utility = ?

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解答

MU = 14, TU = 14

MU = 12, TU = 26

MU = 10, TU = 36

 

問題18

完全競争のrequirementは

  1. many firms sell an identical product to many buyers
  2. there are no restrictions on entry into the market, and established firms have no advantage over new firms
  3. sellers and buyers are well informed about prices
  4. All of the above

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解答

D

 

問題19

完全競争企業はprice takerである。なぜなら

  1. many other firms produce the same product
  2. only one firm produces the product
  3. many firms produce a slightly differentiated product

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解答

A

 

問題20

完全競争時のdemand curveは

  1. horizontal
  2. vertical

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解答

A